The world today and more so the industrialized nations are grappling with the issue of expeditious disposal of waste. We all know that toxic and non-biodegradable wastes such as radioactive remnants can cause tremendous and irreparable damage not just to the environment, but also human health if not safely disposed of.
For several decades, waste disposal has been a central concern and thanks to the massive population growth and industrialization efforts, waste generation and disposal is becoming a nightmare.
Some advancement has been made, but more still needs to be done if this problem is to be contained. The greatest challenge faced by policy makers and those at the center of innovations is in finding newer and non-hazardous waste disposal methods they can use. Below are some of the waste disposal techniques you can practice even at home.
Through recycling, you can transform waste into various products by way of industrial processing. Aluminum, glass, plastics, and paper are some of the commonly recycled wastes. Reusing waste instead of throwing it away is an environmentally friendly practice which is encouraged globally.
Less energy is used in the conversion of waste into finished products and that means people can end up with the same products, but having cost much less to produce. Your contribution to recycling is to ensure that recyclable wastes are carefully sorted and taken to the designated points of collection.
This is also an exciting process where waste is incinerated with the aim of transforming it into base components. The heat generated in the process is carefully trapped and used for deriving energy. The common byproducts of the incineration process are inert ash and assorted gases.
Depending on the nature of waste being burned and the design of the incinerator, there can be varying degrees of pollution. In modern incinerator designs, pollution is checked by using filters. The ash from the incineration process of organic wastes can be used in facilitating hydroponic solutions.
This method of waste disposal brings into the equation microbes which discompose the organic waste. The waste accumulates over a long time thereby giving space and time for the microbes to work on it. This process is somewhat slow, but it can be useful in improving soil fertility.
This is quite simple because all you need to do is to dump the waste into a landfill. The landfill base is lined with a protective material which acts as a barrier between groundwater and the waste. This separates the toxic chemicals from the waste and prevents it from contaminating the water zone.
While there is need for concerted efforts in waste disposal, you can start in your own small ways to contribute to this bigger agenda on waste disposal.